Our Gov

Most of us understand where the power of the federal government or state government comes from and how it impacts us on a day to day basis. Less known are the power of county and local level committees and boards. We hope this virtual space will help us gain a greater understanding of all levels of government.

County Powers

The California Constitution authorizes a county to make and enforce local ordinances that do not conflict with general laws. A county also has the power to sue and be sued, purchase and hold land, manage or dispose of its properties, and levy and collect taxes authorized by law. Many additional powers have been granted to counties by the Legislature. The powers of a county can only be exercised by the Board of Supervisors or through officers acting under the authority of the Board or authority conferred by law. In addition, the Board must follow the procedural requirements in the statutes or its actions will not be valid. For example, if the Legislature has provided a method by which a county may abandon a road, that method must be followed. Also, where state law requires land use zoning by an ordinance, this statutorily prescribed method is binding on the county. On the other hand, where the law does not specifically prescribe a method for accomplishing a task, the county may adopt any reasonably suitable means.”

San Joaquin County has oversight over the following agencies: San Joaquin County Public Health, San Joaquin County Behavioral Health Services, San Joaquin County General Hospital, San Joaquin County Homeless Task Force, San Joaquin County Children’s Alliance.

City Governance

This is where things get tricky because the majority of our community’s challenges get blamed on our city mayors but the reality is, when it comes to air quality, homelessness or mental health services, other agencies manage are responsible.

All cities in San Joaquin County are city manager run communities.

Per cacities.org:

Most California cities maintain the council-manager form of government, with a city council elected by the people and charged with the basic responsibility of governing the community. Generally, a city manager is appointed by the council to manage the city’s administrative responsibilities and day-to-day operations. In becoming an elected official in a city, it should be helpful to review the roles of city officials and examine the nature of their relationship to the city manager. Click here for more info on how cities are run.

 

All cities in San Joaquin County are city manager run communities.

Per cacities.org:

Most California cities maintain the council-manager form of government, with a city council elected by the people and charged with the basic responsibility of governing the community. Generally, a city manager is appointed by the council to manage the city’s administrative responsibilities and day-to-day operations. In becoming an elected official in a city, it should be helpful to review the roles of city officials and examine the nature of their relationship to the city manager. Click here for more info on how cities are run.

Cities
Escalon
Lathrop
Lodi
Manteca
Ripon
Stockton (county seat)
Tracy

Census-designated places
Acampo
August
Collierville
Country Club
Dogtown
Farmington
French Camp
Garden Acres
Kennedy
Lincoln Village
Linden
Lockeford
Morada
Mountain House
Peters
Taft Mosswood
Terminous
Thornton
Victor
Waterloo
Woodbridge

Unincorporated communities
Atlanta
Banta
Goodmans Corner
Mormon
Vernalis
Youngstown

Per caschoolnews.net:

Governance

California’s K-12 schools are run by independent government special districts, called local education agencies in government parlance and school districts by the rest of us.

They are separate from cities, but do report on some matters to county Offices of Education. The state has final authority over how schools are run. An appointed State Board of Education sets key policy. A Department of Education, under the direction of an elected Superintendent of Public Instruction, executes those policies.

The federal government also plays a role in providing financial aid, especially for low-income students; federal funds come with mandates to follow specific federal rules, including annual testing of students at specific grade levels in English and math.

School Districts

School districts typically are overseen by elected boards of trustees that set policy and hire a chief executive, called a superintendent. Boards usually have five to seven members, sometimes chosen at large from across a district and sometimes drawn from candidates who live in a specific region of the district.” Click here to continue reading.

Major School Districts in San Joaquin County
Stockton Unified
Lodi Unified
Lincoln Unified
Manteca Unified
Tracy Unified